Timeline of Lewisham and National events 1600 - 1699
17th Century East India Company established in Deptford.
1600 Population of Britain just over 4 million.
1600 Elizabeth I grants charter to East India Company [in Deptford].
1601 Elizabethan Poor Law charges the parishes with providing for the needy. Essex attempts rebellion, and is executed.
1602 Queen Elizabeth I visited Sir Richard Bulkeley at Sydmonscourt. Tradition has it that she lunched under the shade of an oak on the hill known as One Tree Hill between Forest Hill and Brockley.
1603 Elizabeth dies, James VI of Scotland also James I of England
1604 Hampton Court Conference: no relaxation by the Church towards Puritans. James I bans Jesuits. England and Spain make peace.
1605 Gunpowder Plot, fails to blow up Parliament and James I.
1606 The Union Flag adopted as the National Flag
1606 Addy and Stanhope School founded at new Cross
1607 Parliament rejects proposals for union between England and Scotland. Colony of Virginia is founded at Jamestown by John Smith. Henry Hudson begins voyage to eastern Greenland and Hudson River.
1608 First golf club the Royal Blackheath founded
1610 Hudson Bay discovered, Henry Hudson [voyage begun in 1607].
1610 Abraham Colfe Vicar of Lewisham founds schools and alms-houses.
1611 James I's authorised version (King James Version) of the Bible is completed. English and Scottish Protestant colonists settle in Ulster.
1614 James I dissolves the "Addled Parliament" which has failed to pass any legislation.
1614 Haberdashers Company (founded in 1371 as a City Livery Company purchased Hatcham Manor for £7,180.
1615 Local Sydenham residents went to court to attempt to stop enclosure of the Common.
1618 Thirty Years' War begins, lasts until 1648
1619 Map produced of Hatcham.
1620 The "Mayflower" lands Pilgrims at Plymouth Rock, Cape Cod.
1622 James I dissolves Parliament for asserting its right to debate foreign affairs
1623 A map referred to 'Common Greene' (Deptford Green).
1623 John Evelyn Map of Deptford
1624 Alliance between James I and France. Parliament votes for war against Spain [1624 – 30]. Virginia becomes crown colony
1625 Charles I, King of England (1625-49), married Henrietta Maria, sister King of France. Charles I dissolves Parliament because it fails to vote him money.
1626-9 War with France
1628 Petition of Right. Charles I forced to accept Parliament's statement of civil rights in return for finances.
1629 Charles I dissolves Parliament and rules personally until 1640
1630 England makes peace with France and Spain.
1630 Hatcham leased to Randolph Crew.
1639 First Bishops' War between Charles I and the Scottish Church, ends with Pacification of Dunse
1640 Charles I summons the "Short " Parliament, dissolved for refusal to grant money. Second Bishops' War; ends with Treaty of Ripon. The Long Parliament begins.
1640s Wells Park medicinal springs attracted the wealthy to visit and stay.
1641 Triennial Act requires Parliament to be summoned every three years. Star Chamber and High Commission abolished by Parliament. Catholics in Ireland revolt, some 30,000 Protestants massacred. Grand Remonstrance of Parliament to Charles I
1642 Charles I fails in attempt to arrest five members of Parliament and rejects Parliament's Nineteen Propositions. Civil War (until 1645) begins with battle of Edgehill between Cavaliers (Royalists) and Roundheads (Parliamentarians)
1643 Solemn League and Covenant is signed by Parliament
1644 Battle of Marston Moor. Oliver Cromwell defeats Prince Rupert.
1645 Formation of Cromwell's New Model Army. Battle of Naseby. Charles I defeated by Parliamentary forces
1646 Charles I surrenders to the Scots
1647 Scots surrender Charles I to Parliament, he escapes to the Isle of Wright. Charles I makes secret treaty with Scots.
1648 Scots invade England and are defeated by Cromwell at battle of Preston Pride's Purge. Presbyterians expelled from Parliament (known as the Rump Parliament). Treaty of Westphalia ends Thirty Years' War
1649 Charles I is tried and executed, Commonwealth begins (1649–60). Cromwell harshly suppresses Catholic rebellions in Ireland
Mid 17th Century Medicinal springs found at Wells Park, Sydenham.
1650 Charles II lands in Scotland; is proclaimed King. Cromwell's conquest of Scotland
1651 Charles II invades England and is defeated at Battle of Worcester. Charles escapes to France. First Navigation Act, gives England monopoly of foreign trade.
1651 Hatcham Manor described as including a manor house, orchard, dove house, stables, brick barn, winter pasture and other lands.
1652 Tea arrives for the first time in Britain
1653 Cromwell dissolves the "Rump" parliament and becomes Lord Protector
1654 Treaty of Westminster between England and Dutch Republic
1655 England divided into 12 military districts by Cromwell. Jamaica seized from Spain
1656 War with Spain (until 1659)
1658 Oliver Cromwell dies, his son Richard Lord Protector (1658–9). Battle of the Dunes, England and France defeat Spain. England gains Dunkirk
1659 Richard Cromwell forced to resign by the army; "Rump" Parliament restored
1660 Conventional Parliament restores the Monarchy under King Charles II.
1660 Hatcham leased to Thomas Pepys, brother of Samuel.
1660s Samuel Pepys visited Deptford on naval work.
1661 Clarendon Code. "Cavalier" Parliament of Charles II passes series of repressive laws against Nonconformists. English acquire Bombay
1664-5 The Great Plague breaks out and 100,000 people die in London
1665 Great Plague in London and up to 100,000 people die in London
1666 Great Fire of London
1667 Dutch fleet defeats the English in Medway river; treaties of Breda among Netherlands, England, France, and Denmark
1668 Triple Alliance of England, Netherlands, and Sweden against France
1670 Secret Treaty of Dover between Charles II of England and Louis XIV of France to restore Roman Catholicism to England. Hudson's Bay Company founded
1672 Third Anglo-Dutch war (until 1674). William III (of Orange) becomes ruler of Netherlands.
1672 Peter the Great, Tsar of Russia [1672 – 1725] During his tour of 1697-8 he spent several months in early 1698, studying shipbuilding at the Royal Dockyard. He lived at John Evelyn’s House, Sayes Court, which he and his attendant nearly destroyed. [Plaque private 146 Deptford High Street]
1673 Test Act aims to deprive English Roman Catholics and Nonconformists of public office
1677 Treaty of Westminster between England and the Netherlands
1678 William III, ruler of the Netherlands, marries Mary, daughter of James, Duke of York, heir to the English throne
1679 'Popish Plot' in England. Titus Oates falsely alleges a Catholic plot to murder Charles II.
1681 Act of Habeas Corpus passed, forbidding imprisonment without trial. Parliament's Bill of Exclusion against the Roman Catholic Duke of York blocked by Charles II. Parliament dismissed. Charles II rejects petitions calling for a new Parliament. Petitioners become known as Whigs; their opponents (royalists) known as Tories.
1682 Boone’s Almhouses, Lee built (demolished in 1875 only the old Chapel remains).
1685 James II of England and VII of Scotland (to 1688). Rebellion by Charles II's illegitimate son, the Duke of Monmouth, against James II is put down.
1685 Pentland Place, Lee built (many later additions).
1686 James II disregards Test Act; Roman Catholics appointed to public office
1687 James II issues Declaration of Liberty of Conscience, extends toleration to all religions
1688 England's 'Glorious Revolution'. William III of Orange is invited to save England from Roman Catholicism, lands in England. James II flees to France
1689 Convention Parliament issues Bill of Rights; establishes a constitutional monarchy in Britain and bars Roman Catholics from the throne. William III and Mary II become joint monarchs of England and Scotland (to 1694). Toleration Act grants freedom of worship to dissenters in England. Grand Alliance of the League of Augsburg, England, and the Netherlands
1690 Sydenham then known as Sidenham.
1692 William III massacres the Jacobites at Glencoe
1693 Oldest building in the borough Old Vicarage, Lewisham built.
1695 Morden College built on site of Wricklemarsh Estate, Blackheath.
1697 Deptford docks employed 697 men.
1697/8 Peter the Great lived at Sayes Court whilst learning ship design at Royal Dock. [See 1672 for more details]
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