Timeline of Lewisham and National events 1500 - 1599
AD1500 - AD1750 Post Medieval [Archaeological Era]: Some key events are the Protestant Reformation, the creation of Great Britain, the British Empire, the Industrial Revolution
1501 Katherine of Aragon lands at Deptford [9th November].
1509 Henry VIII becomes king of England [1509 – 1547].
1513 Battle of Flodden Field, James IV of Scotland is killed.
1513 ‘King’s Yard' Royal Dockyard at Deptford founded to build Royal Navy ships.
1515 Thomas Wolsey, Archbishop of York, is made Lord Chancellor of England and Cardinal
1517 The Protestant Reformation begins, Martin Luther nails his "95 Theses" against the Catholic practice of selling indulgences, on the church door at Wittenberg
1520 Field of Cloth of Gold: Francois I of France meets Henry VIII but fails to gain his support against Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V
1520s Cardinal Wolsey used estate to endow his abortive Cardinal college in Oxford.
1520s Deptford end of Brockley went to Wickhams, Drakes and Tyrwhitt-Drakes of Shaldoes, Bucks
1521 Henry VIII receives the title "Defender of the Faith" from Pope Leo X for his opposition to Luther
1529 Pope refuses Henry VIII a divorce; he begins to cut ties with Rome. Sir Thomas More appointed Lord Chancellor. Henry VIII summons the "Reformation Parliament" and begins to cut the ties with the Church of Rome
1530 Thomas Wolsey dies
1532 Sir Thomas More resigns over the question of Henry VIII's divorce
1533 Henry VIII marries Anne Boleyn and is excommunicated by Pope
1534 Act of Supremacy makes Henry VIII head of the Church of England.
1535 Sir Thomas More is beheaded in Tower of London for failing to take the Oath of Supremacy
1536 Anne Boleyn executed, Henry VIII marries Jane Seymour and Act of Union joins England and Wales. Destruction or closure of monasteries and religious houses begins.
1536-39 Destruction or closure of 560 monasteries and religious houses, under the direction of Thomas Cromwell.
1537 Jane Seymour dies after the birth of a son, the future Edward VI
1539 Dissolution of Glastonbury Abbey, buildings torched and looted by king's men; Abbot Richard Whiting is executed by hanging atop Glastonbury Tor.
1540 Henry VIII marries Anne of Cleeves [divorced], marries Catherine Howard [executed 1542]
1542 Catherine Howard is executed. Mary, Queen of Scots lays claim to the English throne
1543 Henry VIII marries Catherine Parr. Alliance between Henry and Charles V (Holy Roman Emperor) against Scotland and France
1544 Henry VIII and Charles V invade France.
1544 Deptford docks now the most important in England.
1547 Edward VI, King of England), Duke of Somerset acts as Protector.
1549 Introduction of uniform Protestant service in England based on Edward VI's Book of Common Prayer
1550 Fall of Duke of Somerset. Duke of Northumberland succeeds as Protector
1551 Archbishop Cranmer publishes Forty-two Articles of religion.
1551 'The Primrose' built at Deptford.
1553 Death of Edward VI, Lady Jane Grey becomes Queen for 9 days; then Mary I, became Queen (1553-8). Restoration of Roman Catholic bishops in England.
1553 'The Primrose' sails to Guinea to make contact with the Kingdom of Benin
1554 Execution of Lady Jane Grey
1555 England returns to Catholicism and 300 Protestants are burnt at the stake
1558 England loses Calais, last part of France, Mary I dies, Elizabeth I, becomes Queen [1558-1603] and repeals Catholic legislation
1560 Treaty of Berwick between Elizabeth I and Scottish reformers. Treaty of Edinburgh among England, France, and Scotland.
1562 Hawkins first trip to Africa sets sail from Deptford, returns in 1563.
1563 The Thirty-nine Articles, which complete establishment of the Anglican Church
1564 Peace of Troyes between England and France.
1564 Hawkins second trip to Africa sets sail from Deptford, returns in 1565.
1567 Murder of Lord Darnley, husband of Mary Queen of Scots, probably by Earl of Bothwell. Mary Queen of Scots marries Bothwell, is imprisoned, abdicates and James VI, becomes King of Scotland.
1567 Hawkins third trip to Africa sets sail from Deptford, returns in 1568.
1568 Mary Queen of Scots escapes to England and is imprisoned by Elizabeth I at Fotheringay Castle
1570 Sir Francis Drake sets sail for his first voyage to the West Indies
1577 Alliance between England and Netherlands.
1577 Sir Francis Drake sails around the world (to 1580).
1581 Francis Drake knighted by Elizabeth I at Deptford.
1584 William of Orange is murdered and England sends aid to the Netherlands.
1586 Conspiracy against Elizabeth I involving Mary Queen of Scots
1586 Expedition of Sir Francis Drake to the West Indies
1587 Mary Queen of Scots Executed England at war with Spain and Drake enters Cadiz and destroyed 30 of the ships the Spanish fleet who were assembling against the British.
1588 The Spanish Armada is defeated by the English fleet under Lord Howard of Effingham, Sir Francis Drake, and Sir John Hawkins: war between Spain and England continues until 1603
1590 Hawkins fourth trip to Africa sets sail from Deptford, returns in 1598.
1591 First performance of a play by William Shakespeare
1593 Christopher Marlowe killed in a Deptford tavern.
1595 Hawkins died at sea off Puerto Rico.
1597 Irish rebellion under Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone (finally put down 1601)
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